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Articles scientifiques en langue étrangère  ... 



  • Lorenzo Barrault-Stella, « Jugar con la acción pública educativa. Los usos sociales del mapa escolar en Francia », Sudamérica : Revista de Ciencias Sociales, vol.1, n°4, 2016 - p. 95-113.
    Résumé : El presente artículo aborda un instrumento de la política educativa, el mapa escolar, y los usos que los actores, básicamente familias, instancias administrativas y autoridades políticas, hacen de él.  Se subraya la existencia de múltiples juegos institucionales y sociales a los que da lugar el mapa escolar. A pesar de su fuerza propia, este instrumento aparece como relativamente flexible tanto para los agentes públicos como para las familias, dado que puede ser objeto de acondicionamientos, autoriza situaciones que no son alcanzadas por la norma, y permite arreglos negociados caso por caso. El análisis del instrumento mapa escolar desde el punto de vista de sus usos institucionales y sociales, es decir, por medio de la observación de las distintas maneras en que los actores (agentes públicos y usuarios) se lo apropian (o no), permite actualizar ciertas estructuras relacionales de la acción pública educativa. Las diferentes maneras de relacionarse con el instrumento, así como las luchas en torno a su definición y sus usos, señalan las tensiones y las relaciones de fuerza de este sector de intervención pública. En última instancia, lo que se revela es la existencia de una pluralidad de mapas escolares determinados por contextos y relaciones entre actores.

  • Lorenzo Barrault-Stella et Clémentine Berjaud, « Political practices from the sidelines: A qualitative approach to political ambivalence in contemporary working-class youth in France », French Politics, vol.13, n°3, 2015 - p. 221-240.
    Résumé : As a supplement to the classic works of electoral studies, this article investigates the relationships to politics and vote of working-class youth from the Parisian banlieues on the basis of a qualitative field study conducted during the 2012 presidential campaign. In doing so it addresses the general question of why and how a population that is usually seen as disconnected from politics votes anyway. We show that disinterest in politics does not equate to dispossession. Internal divides within the working class, elliptic appropriations, personal references and everyday life all contribute to the construction of opinions that translate into electoral positions. Finally, this article constitutes a methodological contribution to electoral sociology in addition to quantitative works.

  • Yannick Barthe, Damien De Blic, Jean-Philippe Heurtin, Éric Lagneau, Cyril Lemieux et Dominique Linhardt, « Sociología pragmática: manual de uso », Papeles de Trabajo, vol.11, n°19, 2017 - en ligne : http://www.unsam.edu.ar/ojs/index.php/papdetrab/article/view/233 (Consulté le 18 mars 2018).
    Résumé : En treinta años, la “sociología pragmática” (también denominada “sociología de las pruebas”) ha producido investigaciones empíricas que abarcan todos los ámbitos de la vida social. De conformidad con los postulados teóricos que tenían la intención de defender, los investigadores que se reconocen en esa corriente sociológica establecieron formas sensiblemente nuevas de dirigir la investigación, recabar datos, explorar campos, pensar por caso y utilizar las controversias y los escándalos como puntos de entrada en el orden social y en la cuestión de su problemática reproducción. Este artículo tiene por objeto caracterizar en diez puntos el estilo pragmático en sociología y precisar cuáles son sus requisitos metodológicos y sus consecuencias prácticas en la conducción del trabajo de investigación.

  • Célia Bense Ferreira Alves et Michel Nguyen Duc Long, « Mesdames et Messieurs Les Proviseurs: Principals Address Structural Inequalities in a Diverse High School », The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol.673, n°1, 1 septembre 2017 - p. 266-295.
    Résumé : This article examines how high school principals in France work to change the negative effects that the country’s academic tracking system brings to students from immigrant and working-class backgrounds. The tracking system tends to relegate these students to lower vocational tracks that do not prepare them well for the labor market and tend to reinforce their social marginalization. The authors—one a sociologist and the other a school principal—describe a comprehensive, diverse lycée in a suburb of Paris where administrators are addressing the multiple impacts of tracking on their students by enabling some to change tracks and providing others the support they need to succeed when facing challenges at school and in their neighborhoods. The description and analysis of daily life at school not only illuminates what is distinctive about the French system but also lays out strategies and practices that make the school environment more egalitarian.

  • Régine Bercot, Jussara Brito, Chantal Horellou-Lafarge, Simone Oliveira, Lucia Rotenberg et Mary Yale Neves, « Saúde, gênero e reconhecimento no trabalho das professoras : convergências e diferenças no Brasil e na França », Physis, vol.24, n°2, 2014 - p. 589-605.
    Résumé : O presente artigo trata do reconhecimento do trabalho das professoras e suas implicações sobre a saúde em dois diferentes contextos econômicos e sociais: de um país da América Latina (Brasil) e de um país europeu (França). Baseia-se, principalmente, nas contribuições teóricas da psicodinâmica do trabalho e das ciências sociais, apresentando exemplos oriundos de diversas pesquisas. Observa-se que, apesar das diferenças em relação às condições laborais das professoras nos dois países, o não reconhecimento de seu trabalho está presente em ambos os contextos. Os baixos salários (mesmo considerando-se as especificidades de cada um desses contextos) e a falta de valorização dos esforços feitos no cotidiano profissional são a prova disso. No entanto, na França, o mal-estar das professoras advém, sobretudo, de dúvidas sobre a utilidade social do trabalho docente, frente às inúmeras reformas e às defasagens no nível de escolaridade dos alunos. No caso do Brasil, o malestar decorre especialmente da precariedade das condições de trabalho, que sinalizam a desvalorização da profissional, destacando-se o número excessivo de alunos por turma e a necessidade de complementação salarial. Nos dois casos registra-se a importância do reconhecimento pelos alunos e do trabalho em equipe na preservação da saúde.

  • Carole Brugeilles, « Las cesáreas. ¿Un medio para regular la fecundidad? », Coyuntura Demográfica, n°6, 2014 - p. 35-41.

  • Xavier Bry, Nicolas Robette et Olivier Roueff, « A dialogue of the deaf in the statistical theater? Adressing structural effects within a geometric data analysis framework », Quality & Quantity. International Journal of Methodology, vol.50, n°3, 2015 - p. 1009-1020.
    Résumé : Since their introduction in the late 1960s, the “moderate”, and moreover “metrological” and “hypermetrological” uses of regression models quickly became the dominant quantitative approach in the Anglo-Saxon social sciences. This “sociology of the variables” has been the subject of many critical insights, with little impact on its dominance. By contrast, the French situation is quite different, mainly because of the strong association between Pierre Bourdieu’s research program and the correspondence analysis methods. In this context, the relationship between geometric data analysis and regression models has turned into a “dialogue of the deaf”. Complementarity is sometimes emphasized, correspondence analysis being associated with exploration and description of the data, and regressions being used to explain, reject or confirm assumptions. But regression models may also be used in order to analyze structural effects within a framework of geometrical data analysis, e.g. by visualizing graphically the results of a regression (Rouanet et al. in Math Sci Hum 160:13–46, 2002; Lebaron 2013). We propose a new multi-step approach, “Standardized Factor Analysis”, which relies on geometric analysis and uses linear regression in a second stage in order to uncover structural effects in the original space. We illustrate it with data about tastes for cinema in France. We conclude by raising a more general set of questions about causality: social determinisms, even well established, are partial in the sense that they produce their effects only when associated with each other.

  • Coline Cardi et Geneviève Pruvost, « Thinking Women’s Violence »traduit par Will Bishop, Sylvia Schafer, , History of the Present, vol.5, n°2, 2015 - en ligne : http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/historypresent.5.2.0200 (Consulté le 24 octobre 2016) - 200-216 p.
    Résumé : Exhuming, denaturalizing, historicizing, and politicizing women's violence implicitly means pointing out something fundamentally unthought that undergirds a major share of the research on violence. Such studies tend to consider only masculine forms of violence and relegate the minority participation of women to the margins without noting the gendered dimension of the categories in use. The task before us, then, is not only to qualify the minimal participation of women by showing their more active role, but also to interrogate the social order that undergirds the assignation of women to the position of "a-violence," not to be confused with the political position of nonviolence . . .

  • Arthur Charpentier et Baptiste Coulmont, « We are not alone! (At least, most of us aren't) », Significance, vol.15, n°1, 2018 - p. 28-33.
    Résumé : Your name may feel unique to you ? but chances are that someone, somewhere is called the same thing. Arthur Charpentier and Baptiste Coulmont estimate the proportion of shared identities in large social groups

  • Sylvie Contrepois, « Deindustrialisation, regeneration, mobilisation…and human drama in capitalist economies », Labor History, vol.56, n°1, 2015 - p. 83-88 - (Review Symposium).

  • Baptiste Coulmont, « Changing One’s First Name in France: A Fountain of Youth? », Names, vol.62, n°3, 2014 - p. 137-146.
    Résumé : A change of name is a change of identity. Many studies have focused on changes in ethnic identity, because those who change their name are often descendants of migrants or migrants themselves. This article focuses on first name changes in France. It shows that those who change their first name are indeed overwhelmingly the descendants of migrants, but that their identity change is multidimensional. Changing one’s first name is also a way to get a younger first name.

  • Aurélien Dasre, Angela Greulich et Ceren Inan, « Two or Three Children? Turkish Fertility at a Crossroads », Population and Development Review, vol.42, n°3, 2016 - en ligne : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/17284457/42/3 (Consulté le 22 avril 2016) - 537-559 p.
    Résumé : In Turkey, female employment and education are still relatively low, while fertility levels are high compared to other European countries. However, Turkey stands on the brink of an important social transition. Increasing female education and employment are being accompanied by important decreases in fertility. By mobilizing census and survey data (SILC), we find that parents’ decision for or against a third child is of particular importance for fertility levels in Turkey. Graduate women participating in the formal labor market are most likely to decide against larger family size in comparison to inactive or unemployed women. Their contribution to household income seems to be important and cannot be given up, especially if the couple already has two children. Policies enabling women to combine work and family life, which have been proven effective in other European countries, emerge therefore as useful to avoid fertility declining below replacement levels in Turkey.
    Note Note
    <p>Non Paru</p>

  • Aurélien Dasré et Angela Greulich, « The quality of periodic fertility measures in EU-SILC », Demographic Research, vol.36, n°17, 2017 - en ligne : http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol36/17/ (Consulté le 5 février 2017) - 525-556 p.
    Résumé : Background: The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) are increasingly used in demographic analysis, due to their large country coverage, the availability of harmonized socioeconomic measures, and the possibility to merge partners. However, so far there exists no comprehensive analysis of the representativeness of the fertility behavior reported by EU-SILC. Objective: This paper quantifies the quality of periodic fertility measures in EU-SILC. Methods: We compare periodic fertility measures obtained with EU-SILC to unbiased measures from the Human Fertility Database (HFD) for several European countries, by applying a cross-sectional perspective. Results: We show that EU-SILC measures of periodic fertility are biased downward, mainly due to attrition, while births of order one for ages 20‒29 are particularly underreported. However, we find no evidence of socioeconomic differentials in attrition. Conclusions: Our results suggest that for the majority of European countries, EU-SILC can be used for the analysis of childbearing behavior when respecting the measures of precaution mentioned in this article. Contribution: These precautions contain, for example, applying a retrospective approach and differentiating by rotation groups when calculating aggregate measures of periodic fertility.

  • Nora El Qadim, « Can IR be anthropological? », International Studies Quarterly, 17 juillet 2017 - en ligne : https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.7910/DVN/WUK8AN&version=1.1 (Consulté le 18 mars 2018) - (Online Symposium : Meera Sabaratnam (Ed.) “Walking with Migrants: Ethnography as Method in IR”).

  • Nora El Qadim, « The symbolic meaning of international mobility: EU–Morocco negotiations on visa facilitation », Migration Studies, 2017 - en ligne : https://academic.oup.com/migration/advance-article/doi/10.1093/migration/mnx048/4079908 (Consulté le 18 mars 2018).
    Résumé : This article focuses on the symbolic nature of the policing of migrations and mobility, by looking at discussions on visa policies between Morocco and European countries. I argue that it is important to take seriously the symbolic, moral and emotional arguments put forward by state actors in the South in order to understand their claims and the unfolding of negotiations. The contestation of European visa policies then appears not only as a contestation of specific visas, but more generally as a contestation of inequalities in the policing of migration. Unequal policing is interpreted as both a result and a reinforcing element of international hierarchies, which are subtly questioned through claims for the free movement of people.

  • Nora El Qadim, « Postcolonial challenges to migration control: French–Moroccan cooperation practices on forced returns », Security Dialogue, vol.45, n°3, 2014 - p. 242-261.
    Résumé : Analyses that develop a postcolonial critique of international relations and security studies have outlined the project of ‘decolonizing’ these disciplines and have underlined the importance of taking into account actors from the South. I seek to do so here through the study of migration policies, in particular by looking for the agency of state actors in so-called countries of origin. This article shows that the study of practices of cooperation is a good strategy for decolonizing the study of international relations. Based upon the example of mid-level cooperation on deportation between France and Morocco, this article focuses on two devices and the practices used for international cooperation on migration controls: the posting of immigration liaison officers and the statistical evaluation of cooperation. This case study shows that such practices open brokering spaces in the transnational security field and allow state actors from the South to challenge the dominance of the North.

  • Mathieu Ferry, Jules Naudet et Olivier Roueff, « Seeking the Indian social space. A multidimensional portrait of the stratifications of Indian society », South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, février 2018 - p.
    Résumé : This article takes as its specific starting point the idea that the Indian society constitutes a relational space, marked by the interdependency of various sub-spaces. It more precisely aims at producing a synthetic representation of the Indian social space. In order to do so, we draw upon the 2011-2012 data from the “Household Consumer Expenditure” survey of the National Sample Survey Office. The analysis leads us to produce a multidimensional typology of consumption and position profiles around which the households who make up the Indian social space are aggregated. Finally, we propose a summary figure of the principles that organize the Indian social space and the nine categories that comprise it. In the conclusion of the article, we discuss how this multidimensional approach to Indian society encourages to question prenotions like those of “middle class”, “two-tier India”, “urban-rural cleavage”, or ideas drawn from politico-bureaucratic language like “poverty threshold”.

  • Pierre Fournier, Cédric Lomba et Séverin Muller, « Low-skilled workers in the "Knowledge Based-Economy": The Case of the Pharmaceutical Sector in France and Belgium », Cambio. Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali, vol.7, n°14, 2017 - en ligne : http://www.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/22910 (Consulté le 9 avril 2018) - 41-57 p.
    Résumé : When social sciences study the workforce in the “knowledge economy”, they focus on the most highly skilled workers (managers and professionals). This article addresses the issue of the role and the employment conditions of low-skilled workers in the knowledge industries. How can we explain the persistence of low-skilled workers and bad jobs in high-tech sectors? And do the workers at the bottom of the hierarchy take advantage of working in a knowledge-based sector? From a collective survey conducted in the pharmaceutical sector (ethnographic surveys in production plants and drug distribution centers), we show that in this sector low-skilled workers (mainly women) are confined to low status jobs, with poor evolution prospects coupled with a growing use of temporary contracts. Although they manipulate high-tech products (drugs), low-skilled workers do not enjoy better working conditions than low-skilled workers in other industrial sectors. And we could even make the hypothesis that the situation of low skilled workers is even less enviable because they have to comply with the specific regulations of the pharmaceutical sector to guarantee the continuity of health care and safety; constraints that necessarily result in highly flexible schedules and variable work intensity.

  • Jane Freedman, « Engendering Security at the Borders of Europe: Women Migrants and the Mediterranean ‘Crisis’ », Journal of Refugee Studies, vol.29, n°4, 2016 - p. 568-582.
    Résumé : The dangers facing migrants attempting to reach the EU by boat have been highlighted in many reports and media articles. However, although more and more women are among those trying to reach Europe, little attention has so far been paid to the gendered nature of the insecurities facing these migrants. This article examines the experiences of women arriving in Kos, Greece, as part of a journey to seek protection in Europe, and analyses the ways in which gendered forms of violence, gendered divisions of space and relations of power create specific insecurities for these women.

  • Jane Freedman, « Sexual and gender-based violence against refugee women: a hidden aspect of the refugee "crisis" », Reproductive Health Matters, vol.24, n°47, 2016 - p. 18-26.
    Résumé : La « crise » actuelle des réfugiés en Europe a créé de multiples formes de vulnérabilité et d’insécurité pour les réfugiées, notamment plusieurs formes de violence sexuelle et sexiste. Les femmes, seules ou avec leur famille, sont de plus en plus nombreuses à tenter de parvenir en Europe pour y chercher protection, mais elles sont soumises à la violence pendant le voyage et/ou à l’arrivée dans un pays de destination. Le manque de logements adéquats ou d’installations d’accueil pour les réfugiés et les migrants en Europe, ainsi que la fermeture des frontières qui a augmenté la nécessité d’avoir recours à des passeurs pour atteindre l’Europe, exacerbent la violence et l’insécurité.

  • Auriane Guilbaud, « Generous corporations? A Maussian analysis of international drug donations », Journal of International Political Theory, 10 janvier 2018 - en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1177/1755088217752199 (Consulté le 18 mars 2018).
    Résumé : In this article, I claim that using Marcel Mauss’ The Gift can prove fruitful in analyzing pharmaceutical donations, the role of interests in gift-giving, the complex intertwining of the domains of the gift and commerce, and in contributing to a theory of social justice. Drug donations refer to the practice of giving medicines “for free,” outside of the drug market, with the ultimate goal of reaching populations in need. So an object (a drug) otherwise sold on the market (even if sometimes at a subsidized price), and usually subject to a specific commercial process, enters a different circuit and distribution system. Yet, even if drug donations seem to break with the logic of exchange constitutive of the market, they are intimately linked to market dynamics. This is especially true in the case of corporate drug donations, because of the nature of the donor and the presence of ulterior motives. Accordingly, this practice can be explained with the help of a Maussian understanding of the gift, where gift-giving is not disinterested and does not have to result from pure altruism, but can very well be part of a larger process of accumulating wealth and power.

  • Karim Hammou, « Mainstreaming French rap music. Commodification and artistic legitimation of othered cultural goods », Poetics, vol.59, 2016 - p. 67-81.
    Résumé : By analysing the changes in the commodification of French rap music in the 1990s and 2000s, this paper presents artistic legitimation as a conflict-ridden social process in which for-profit companies plays a crucial role. In the first section, I describe how French rap music is commodified through various paths of commodification (aesthetic, oppositional and mainstream) and their interplay over time. Some of these paths rely on the framing of rap music as a cultural good associated with minority groups, and are key in the first steps toward a legitimation of French rap music as an art form. In the second section, I show how resource mobilisation is an active driver for the artistic delegitimation of French rap music. In the context of market competition, the status of rap music as an “othered” cultural good offers significant opportunities for devaluation. This case study helps to pinpoint how cultural goods may achieve an ambivalent artistic legitimation based on false consensus, which I distinguish from both full-fledged artistic legitimacy and utter artistic illegitimacy.

  • Odile Henry et Mathieu Ferry, « When Cracking the JEE is not Enough: Processes of Elimination and Differentiation, from Entry to Placement, in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) », South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, n°15, 16 janvier 2017 - en ligne : http://journals.openedition.org/samaj/4291 (Consulté le 19 mars 2018).
    Résumé : Exempted from the application of reservation policies at first, the Indian Institutes of Technology tend to be perceived as institutions that produce a meritocratic elite, freed from the contingencies related to caste and their political exploitation. However, some former students, products of this institution that was marked by a very strong social homogeneity when it was first conceived, see the introduction of quotas for the Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in 1973, then a new category of reservations for the Other Backward Castes (OBCs) in 2008, as a threat to the meritocratic spirit of the IITs. They believe the “marked down” admission of these new students has weakened the IIT “brand.” Based on fieldwork in one of these elite technical education institutions, we will question this meritocratic model. We will highlight the processes by which the IITs continually and differentially eliminate students from the dominated groups (in particular those belonging to the SC and ST categories), and contribute to a high differentiation in the return on, hence the social value of, educational titles on the job market.

  • Helena Hirata, « Care Work », Sur: International Journal on Human Rights, vol.13, n°24, 2016 - p. 53-63.
    Résumé : Care work has been carried out for a long time by women, for free, inside the domestic space. Factors such as the development of care-related professions, the increasing number of women in the paid labour market, as well as migratory flows in the context of increasing globalisation have generated not only a new international division of labour but also redefined care work. In this article, the author presents some categories of the sexual and international division of labour through a comparative study between Brazil, France and Japan. In addition to the societal differences, different care actors such as the state, the market and the family, come together but act in an unequal and asymmetrical way. Care work continues to be carried out mostly by women in all three countries, and is likely to remain so, since it is a precarious, low-paid job, little recognised and under valued. Thus, the author stresses the importance of taking into account the inequalities of gender, class and race that are implicated in the context of the internationalisa tion of care work. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

  • Cédric Hugrée, Etienne Penissat et Alexis Spire, « The Distinctive Features of Public Sector in Europe : A Comparative Study Based on the Social Morphology of Wage Earners », Comparative Sociology, vol.14, n°2, 2015 - p. 252 – 273.
    Résumé : This article aims to point out that there are still substantial differences between public and private workers. Using the Eurostat Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community, we define the public workers as those who are employed in Administration, Health and Education. The measure of targeted jobs is provided by the Labour Force Survey ( lfs) which is a large sample survey among private households. By following this approach, we can present several significant results. In every European country, public workers have an average aggregate employment tenure higher than private workers, a higher proportion of women and a higher proportion of high skilled workers. Beyond these global differences, we point out that the divide between public and private sector is differently shaped, according to the country and to the social status.

  • Florence Hulak, « ¿ Es la genealogía foucaultiana una nueva forma de historia ? », Conceptos Historicos, vol.3, n°4, 2017 - p. 62-83.
    Résumé : Este artículo demuestra que al final del curso de 1976 –Hay que defender la sociedad–, Michel Foucault llegó a la conclusión de que la genealogía no constituye una nueva forma de historia. La invención de la genealogía le había dado la perspectiva histórica específica que le faltaba a la arqueología: el análisis de las relaciones de fuerzas. Pero para que la genealogía pueda constituir una historia propiamente dicha, tendría que poder explicar la formación de la sociedad. Ese era el objetivo de ese curso. Sin embargo, al tratar de reencontrar la guerra debajo de la sociedad, Foucault encontró más bien la sociedad debajo de las relaciones de fuerzas. Esta observación lo llevó a dejar de pensar la genealogía como un discurso histórico capaz de rivalizar con aquel de las ciencias sociales.

  • Louise Langevin, Anne-Marie Devreux et Coline Cardi, « The Regulation of Gender in the Co-Existence of Levels of Law: Conversations between Europe and Canada », Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, vol.28, n°3, 2016 - en ligne : http://utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/cjwl.28.3.i (Consulté le 31 janvier 2017) - i-viii p.

  • Clara Lévy, « Patrick Modiano, à l’articulation entre champ de diffusion restreinte et champ de grande production », Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros, n°68, 2017 - p. 101-121.
    Résumé : Em 9 de outubro de 2014, o Prêmio Nobel de literatura foi concedido ao escritor francês Patrick Modiano pela “arte da memória com a qual ele se referiu aos destinos humanos mais difíceis e revelou o mundo da Ocupação”. Nosso texto analisará a posição de Modiano nos campos literários francês e internacional e como seu sucesso de crítica e comercial questiona e desafia parcialmente a teoria composta por P. Bourdieu acerca dos dois subcampos que compõem o campo cultural. Modiano tem sido hábil em reconciliar sua posição no campo da produção restrita (avaliação por críticos, pares, acadêmicos, sendo publicado em coleções de prestígio, obtendo vários prêmios literários, como o mais prestigioso – Prêmio Nobel etc.) com acesso direto ao campo da produção ampliada (grande visibilidade e altas cifras de vendas de seus trabalhos; visibilidade fora do campo literário, por meio de filmes e músicas). Em seguida, analisaremos o impacto da obtenção do Prêmio Nobel em números em termos de impressões e vendas, não só no mercado de livros francês, mas também nos mercados de literatura francesa no exterior.

  • Antoine Mazières, Mathieu Trachman, Jean-Philippe Cointet, Baptiste Coulmont et Christophe Prieur, « Deep tags: toward a quantitative analysis of online pornography », Porn Studies, vol.1, 1-2, 2014 - p. 80-95.
    Résumé : The development of the web has increased the diversity of pornographic content, and at the same time the rise of online platforms has initiated a new trend of quantitative research that makes possible the analysis of data on an unprecedented scale. This paper explores the application of a quantitative approach to publicly available data collected from pornographic websites. Several analyses are applied to these digital traces with a focus on keywords describing videos and their underlying categorization systems. The analysis of a large network of tags shows that the accumulation of categories does not separate scripts from each other, but instead draws a multitude of significant paths between fuzzy categories. The datasets and tools we describe have been made publicly available for further study.

  • Cornelia Möser, « Sex Wars and the Contemporary French Moral Panic: The Productivity and Pitfalls of Feminist Conflicts », Meridians, vol.16, n°1, 2018 - p. 79-111.
    Résumé : [Over the past few years, right-wing political groups in France have made sexuality a focus of their concerns. Since the debate about political lesbianism in 1980, feminist research on sexuality in France has been markedly limited to research on abortion, contraception, and sexual violence. In this article, I look back at the US feminist “sex wars” as a crucial turning point in feminist thought on sexuality and examine different aspects feminists address when speaking about sexuality. I argue that the multiplicity of levels of thinking sex brought up by US feminists opposes a structural- and an individual-based perspective. These multiple levels crosscut on the topics of sexual practices, identities, and morals, the very themes of the sex wars. Together they compose the technology of power (Foucault 1976) that has been constructed under the name of sexuality in the nineteenth century. The contributions of the US feminist debate on sexuality help to broaden an understanding of sexuality in today's politics in France. But in taking a closer look at the US feminist sex wars, it appears that they actually coincide with the US construction of French feminism and French theory. The trajectories of Monique Wittig's and Michel Foucault's works provide examples of the productivity of translations. They also stand for different feminist strategies of thinking sex that after a closer examination do not seem so radically opposed any more. Through this analysis the deconstruction of sexuality as an entity is suggested in re-embracing the critical questions set by the authors of the sex wars.]
  • Cornelia Möser et Eleni Varikas, « Generation als Strategie », Ariadne : Forum für Frauen- und Geschlechtergeschichte, n°65, 2014 - p. 64-71.
    Résumé : In dem gekreuzten Interview „Generation als Strategie“ möchten Eleni Varikas und Cornelia Möser die Erzählung der feministischen Generationen kritisch beleuchten. Im Austausch zwischen zwei Feministinnen aus verschiedenen Altersgruppen bieten sie alternative Denkweisen zum Zusammenhang von Alter, Wissensvermittlung und -weitergabe und Machtverhältnissen an. Eleni Varikas, nomadische Feministin griechischen Ursprungs, lebt seit langer Zeit in Frankreich, und forschte und lehrte dort an der Universität Paris 8 in Politikwissenschaft und Etudes féminines et sur le genre (etwa: Weiblichkeits- und Genderstudien). Seit 2012 ist sie emeritiert. Sie stand in zentralen Fragen (Frauengeschichte vs. Gendergeschichte, politische Parität, Kopftuchdebatte, etc.) fast durchgängig im Kontrast zu den von ihrer vermeintlichen Generation vertretenen Positionen. Cornelia Möser ist eine deutsche Genderforscherin und Kulturwissenschaftlerin am französischen CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifi que). Beide sind Kolleginnen am Forschungszentrum Cresppa (Centre de recherches sociologiques et politiques de Paris). de recherches sociologiques et politiques de Paris).

  • Luca Paltrinieri et Massimiliano Nicoli, « Il management di sé e degli altri », Aut-aut, n°363, 2014 - p. 49-74.
  • Camille Peugny, « Opfert Frankreich seine Jugend ? Eine Bestandsaufnahme », Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, n°48, 2016 - p. 19-23.
  • Antoine Pietri, Tarik Tazdait et Mehrdad Vahabi, « Economics of Empire-building: Price and Predatory Competitions », Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, vol.173, n°2, 2017 - p. 253-278.

  • Alain Quemin, « The Impact of Nationality and Territory on Fame and Success: Lessons from Reputational and Economic Rankings in the Visual Arts Sector », Sociologia y Antropologia, vol.5, n°3, 2015 - p. 825-855.
    Résumé : A nacionalidade e o território afetam grandemente a fama artística, embora os atores no mundo contemporâneo da arte tendam a negar o fato. Os artistas mais reconhecidos geralmente pertencem a um seleto número de países ocidentais entre os quais o Reino Unido e a Alemanha, mas também os Estados Unidos, e ganham a parte do leão. Isso se reflete na representação desigual dos países na elaboração de classificações como a Kunstkompass, utilizada para objetivar a fama e visibilidade dos artistas. O número muito pequeno de países que concentram os artistas mais famosos também indica a homologia com a nacionalidade dos mais poderosos atores do mundo artístico contemporâneo, tal como relacionado na ArtReview Power 100. Na conclusão, mostro que, ao menos para os anos recentes dos principais artistas, as nacionalidades daqueles mais evidenciados em instituições e daqueles mais bem sucedidos no mercado divergem.

  • Nicolas Robette et Olivier Roueff, « An eclectic eclecticism: Methodological and theoretical issues about the quantification of cultural omnivorism », Poetics, vol.47, 2014 - p. 23-40.
    Résumé : Cultural eclecticism has been the focus of most sociological debates pertaining to cultural practices since the publication of Richard Peterson's first articles on the topic. Underlying these debates surrounding results, the prevailing definitions and methods are particularly striking for their… eclecticism. And although it is not explicitly stated, it appears that sociologists disagree over the parameters of inquiry – how the object of study is constructed and all manner of methodologies, rather than over hypotheses and whether or not they are valid. In this paper, we shall extend and systematize assertions that appear in various works on omnivorousness. Our aim is to determine the theoretical implications of the three groups of choices that seem critical in statistical methods of studying cultural eclecticism: choices concerning indicators of taste; methods of constructing a scale of cultural legitimacy; and indicators of cultural omnivorousness.

  • Olivier Roueff, « Elite Delights: The Structure of Art Gallery Networks in India », South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, n°15, 2017 - en ligne : http://samaj.revues.org/4271 (Consulté le 19 mai 2017).
    Résumé : In recent years, researchers have expressed renewed interest in the visual arts, which can be seen as one of the main providers of upper-class symbolic goods and status signals for cultural elites. India has not yet been included in that body of work. Although important insights do exist on India, a systematic empirical inquiry has yet to be made. The present article offers a step in that direction, through the statistical analysis of 101 Indian galleries and the 4,249 artists they present in their catalogs. Does the way galleries share artists reveal specific characteristics about the Indian art world? Is the usual opposition between “commercial” and “artistic” galleries relevant for contemporary India? What are the roles of auctions and international fairs? Do Indian galleries prefer representing artists, or storing and exhibiting their works? What insights do their strategies and hierarchies offer about the cultural standards of Indian elites? This article offers a typology of Indian art galleries based on a network analysis (blockmodeling). It reveals a hierarchized system, the weight of the auction market, and a strong economic and aesthetic boundary between international experimental art and national modern art.

  • Pascal Sebille, « La historia migratoria de los residentes urbanos de hoy », Coyuntura Demográfica, n°6, 2014 - p. 51-56.

  • Pascal Sebille, Xavier Arnauld de Sartre, Monica Castro, William Santos de Assis, Sylvain Dolédec et Patrick Lavelle, « Sustainable development policies and the spread of land-sharing practices – A statistical assessment in a frontier region of the Brazilian Amazon », Journal of Rural Studies, vol.48, 2016 - p. 65-76.
    Résumé : Agrarian reform has become at highly topical issue in Brazil and is proceeding mainly along the Amazonian pioneer fronts, thus jeopardising the continuity of forest cover. Although it is sometimes accompanied by highly proactive policies for sustainable development, the results of these policies are extremely variable. In this article, we compare four sites where agrarian reforms have been applied; they are located along the boundary between eastern Amazonia (deforestation arc) and central Amazonia (along a pioneer front) and are variously covered by sustainable development policies. In each of these sites, we surveyed plant cover, existing production systems, the characteristics of the local populations and their quality of life in the sites themselves. We bring out discrepancies between sustainable development policies applied in the sites and their environmental preservation status. These discrepancies cannot be accounted for by the characteristics of the populations and do not bear any relation to people's quality of life in the different sites. While effects of context and of local levels of acceptance account for the success or failure of sustainable development projects, the agrarian reform policies we investigated are characterized by impacts that are negative for the environment but positive for the quality of life of local populations. By proposing a series of multivariate analyses and their combination through a scalar analysis, this article also puts forward an original methodology for studies of relationships between people and their environment.

  • Yves Sintomer, « Sorteo y política: ¿de la democracia radical a la democracia deliberativa? », Daimon Revista Internacional de Filosofía, n°72, 7 novembre 2017 - p. 25-43.
    Résumé : La selección por sorteo ha tenido un renacimiento político, permitiendo la creación de mini-públicos cuyos miembros pueden deliberar en condiciones cercanas a las ideales. ¿Hay un resurgir parcial del ideal de la democracia radical ateniense? El artículo, en primer lugar, resume el papel de la selección por sorteo en Atenas, enfatizando su lógica democrática radical y destacando su singularidad en el mundo pre-moderno. El segundo apartado argumenta que los experimentos actuales suponen una racionalidad política sustancialmente diferente, basada en la muestra representativa, y ofrece una tipología general de los distintos usos del sorteo político. La conclusión expone las condiciones bajo las cuales los mini-públicos deliberativos contemporáneos podrían combinarse con la democracia radical.

  • Sylvie Tissot, « Categorizing Neighborhoods: The Invention of ‘Sensitive Areas’ in France and ‘Historic Districts’ in the United States: », International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol.42, n°1, 2018 - p. 150-159.
    Résumé : This essay offers a reflexive return to two research projects to demonstrate the value of Bourdieu's emphasis on the symbolic for the analysis of contemporary urban transformation. Bourdieu's insistence that we track the social genesis and diffusion of spatial categories of thought and action directs us to the empirical study of the struggles between agents and organizations that promote and/or oppose these categories, as well as the political, economic and other interests animating the agents. A retracing of the parallel invention of the ‘at-risk neighborhood’ (quartier sensible) coined for and targeted by French urban policy since the late 1980s and the emergence of ‘historic’ or ‘diverse’ neighborhoods touted by gentrifying residents, cultural organizations and real estate agents in the United States since the 1960s challenges misleading oppositions between materiality and representations that often underpin and cramp urban research.

  • Sylvie Tissot, « Loving Diversity/Controlling Diversity: Exploring the Ambivalent Mobilization of Upper-Middle-Class Gentrifiers, South End, Boston: Diversity and ambivalent gentrifiers in South End, Boston », International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol.38, n°4, 2014 - p. 1181-1194.
    Résumé : This article centers on a group of upper-middle-class gentrifiers living in a neighborhood in the South End of Boston, and their complex attitude towards diversity. I use data from my fieldwork in the South End, based on ethnographic observation and 77 interviews with residents active in local organizations, such as neighborhood associations. These residents explicitly stress their endorsement of diversity, in terms of class, race, but also sexual orientation, and their commitment to maintaining it. I examine the meaning they give to this principle, the actions they take in its name and the kind of relations they establish with those ‘others’ who embody such diversity. I argue that the gentrifiers' love of diversity, which cannot be reduced to sheer hypocrisy, is intrinsically linked to their capacity to control it, thus shedding light on the changing definition of social distinction in upper-middle-class culture.

  • Mehrdad Vahabi, « A positive theory of the predatory state », Public Choice, vol.168, 3-4, 2016 - p. 153-175.
    Résumé : While the distinction between public and private goods is essential in developing a normative theory of non-predatory states, the focus of this article is on a positive theory of predatory states. Since the predatory relationship between the state and its subjects depends on the power of the state to grab or to appropriate coercively and the subject’s ability to escape or hide, the boundaries of the state are decided by the nature of the assets that can be taken more or less easily. Accordingly, I will introduce a new distinction between captive and fugitive assets that positively captures the frontiers of a state space. The US railroading in the nineteenth century provides an illustration regarding the explanatory power of an asset-appropriating perspective of the state compared to a public goods approach.
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19 février 2018


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