Contre la réforme des retraites et la LPPR : le  5 mars, la recherche s'arrête
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Work, occupation, careers

In close connection with the “labor and social classes” unit and following from the sociological research conducted by teams from the Cresppa on employment and the sexual division of labor, many gender-based investigations have emerged on topics such as career trajectories, the evolution of occupations, relationships to work, but also on more recently addressed issues: the international division of labor, market inequalities and career paths in the broad sense (professional, but also activist, or deviant paths), gender malaise in the workplace. This body of research will be organized within the new laboratory according to various lines of inquiry:

  • Mutations of the sexual and racialized division of labor and power. In the field of culture, recent studies have focused on occupations pertaining to cultural production (performing arts, literature, visual arts, film, cultural mediation, etc.), showing how the cultural field is permeated through and through by dynamics of social relations of sex and, conversely, how symbolic representations modify or reify these social divisions. They question the effects of the feminization of certain professions on processes of invisibilization of the dominated, on their strategies of professional recognition, on shifts of inequalities, and on the new resistances to which these shifts give place.
  • Gender malaise in the workplace: how does gender identity alter this malaise or how does it result in revealing or mastering it differently? The question is not explored in terms of equality/inequalities in relation to health, but in terms of differences.
  • Contemporary economic transformations, migrations and consequences of the globalization of gender policies. Conducted in an international and comparative perspective (Algeria, Haiti, Central African Republic, Great Britain, Brazil, Japan...), this research explores the interconnection of social relations (of gender, class, and race) and the impact of competing scales of power (local / national / global). Projects that are currently being envisaged include a study on the feminization of migrations in the Maghreb, as well as a project whose purpose is to observe and analyze, in the framework of the Observatory of Transformations in the Arab World (OTMA), the transformations linked to the “Arab Springs” from the standpoint of gender.
  • Research on “careers.” The aim is to reflect, on the long term, on pathways of commitment (in political, community-based, or feminist activities, etc.), and the biographical impact of such commitment on the professional and personal trajectories of its actors, of intellectuals, etc. This perspective highlights the mechanisms through which deviant paths emerge and brings out the gendered dimension of social regulation.
  • The politics and the ethics of care. This research will develop according to several lines of inquiry focusing on the sociology of work and on the globalization of the sexual and racial division of care. The problematization of the sphere of “services” will include new research on “sexual services” (to what extend can we envision a right to sexuality, in particular for disabled people? Is sexuality a form of practice, or even of therapeutic work?). We will interview members of disability organizations, especially disabled women, in order to connect the positions of care-givers with that of care-receivers in the analysis of care policies. Developing the idea of a politics and ethics of care demands that we reexamine not only the gendered division of care work, but also the division of power and responsibility between care-givers and care-receivers, on different levels (both local and transnational). This project is part of a wider program on the division of sexual labor (see below).
  • Comparative studies on gender policies and their instruments – which include databases and indicators – in terms of gender conventions and the emergence of gendered institutions. Behind the technical aspects of assessment and quantification, normative issues will also be examined. We will focus on the justifications which support the development of these policies and instruments, on the way in which they are received and implemented, on their institutional impact, but also on the way in which social actors seize or resist them, and sometimes divert them from their purposes to use them for other ends.